Bundesliga 1 (Germany)

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Table written: Friday 28 February 2020 at 21:44:13 (London time)
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standard table alt-3
Pld GD Pts ePld Rate
Lei RB Leipzig 23 36 48 2 1 22.5 2.13
Mun Bayern Munich 23 39 49 1 2 23.3 2.10
BMg Borussia M'gladbach 22 18 43 4 3 21.7 1.98
Dor Borussia Dortmund 23 33 45 3 4 23.1 1.95
Lev Bayer Leverkusen 23 11 43 5 5 23.6 1.83
Sch Schalke 23 0 36 6 6 22.8 1.58
Hof Hoffenheim 23 −2 34 8 7 23.1 1.47
Wol Wolfsburg 23 4 34 7 8 24.7 1.38
Fbg Freiburg 23 −2 33 9 9 24.1 1.37
UnB Union Berlin 23 −7 29 10 10 22.4 1.29
Fra Eintracht Frankfurt 23 1 28 11 11 22.9 1.22
Kln Köln 22 −9 26 14 12 21.3 1.22
Aug Augsburg 23 −13 27 12 13 22.8 1.18
Her Hertha Berlin 24 −16 27 13 14 24.6 1.10
Mai Mainz 23 −21 22 15 15 21.8 1.01
Dus Düsseldorf 24 −23 21 16 16 24.2 0.87
Bre Werder Bremen 23 −28 17 17 17 22.9 0.74
Pad Paderborn 23 −21 16 18 18 22.7 0.70

Key:

The league-table rankings are shown in the centre of the table, with the alt-3 league position in bold to the right, and the more standard league-table position (based on points already in the bag, with goal-difference to resolve ties where needed) shown in the grey section of the table, to the left.

In the central dark-blue vertical band are (typically) up- or down-arrows to indicate where teams are higher or lower in the alt-3 table than in the standard table. A solid arrow or indicates a difference of 3 or more league places.

The other numbers shown in the table are:

  • The usual league-table summaries:
    • Pld: matches played to date
    • GD: goal difference
    • Pts: league points accumulated to date
  • The alt-3 league table:
    • ePld: the alt-3 measure of each team's effective number of matches played to date.
      • Where ePld is less than the actual number Pld of matches played, the team has played tougher opposition than average and/or has played fewer matches at home than away; and vice-versa where ePld exceeds Pld.
      • Where the difference between Pld and ePld is a whole match or more, the team's numbers in the alt-3 table are colour-highlighted (in light green where ePld is less than Pld, and light red where the reverse is true).
      • Where schedule-strength imbalance is so strong that Pld and ePld differ by more than 2.0, the entry in the ePld column is shown in bold type
    • Rate: the league points per effective match played, i.e.,
      Rate = Pts ÷ ePld .
    The alt-3 league table is sorted according to the current values of Rate.

For further details on the method, see The league tables explained and (if you like maths!) The mathematical method explained.