Serie A (Italy)

This page will normally be updated at 22:00 (London time) on match days.

Table written: Saturday 15 February 2020 at 21:59:14 (London time)
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standard table alt-3
Pld GD Pts ePld Rate
Juv Juventus 23 21 54 2 1 22.8 2.37
Int Inter Milan 23 28 54 1 2 23.5 2.29
Laz Lazio 23 33 53 3 3 23.3 2.27
Ata Atalanta 24 31 45 4 4 24.8 1.82
Rom Roma 24 11 39 5 5 23.5 1.66
Ver Verona 23 4 34 6 6 22.9 1.49
Par Parma 23 1 32 9 7 22.2 1.44
Mil AC Milan 23 −6 32 10 8 22.7 1.41
Cag Cagliari 23 3 32 8 9 22.9 1.40
Bol Bologna 24 −2 33 7 10 25.0 1.32
Nap Napoli 23 2 30 11 11 23.3 1.29
Sas Sassuolo 23 0 29 12 12 23.5 1.23
Tor Torino 23 −15 27 13 13 23.5 1.15
Fir Fiorentina 23 −8 25 14 14 22.3 1.12
Udi Udinese 23 −16 25 15 15 22.9 1.09
Lec Lecce 24 −13 25 16 16 24.2 1.03
Sam Sampdoria 23 −13 23 17 17 22.6 1.02
Gen Genoa 24 −16 22 18 18 23.6 0.93
Bre Brescia 23 −21 16 19 19 22.9 0.70
SPA SPAL 24 −24 15 20 20 23.4 0.64

Key:

The league-table rankings are shown in the centre of the table, with the alt-3 league position in bold to the right, and the more standard league-table position (based on points already in the bag, with goal-difference to resolve ties where needed) shown in the grey section of the table, to the left.

In the central dark-blue vertical band are (typically) up- or down-arrows to indicate where teams are higher or lower in the alt-3 table than in the standard table. A solid arrow or indicates a difference of 3 or more league places.

The other numbers shown in the table are:

  • The usual league-table summaries:
    • Pld: matches played to date
    • GD: goal difference
    • Pts: league points accumulated to date
  • The alt-3 league table:
    • ePld: the alt-3 measure of each team's effective number of matches played to date.
      • Where ePld is less than the actual number Pld of matches played, the team has played tougher opposition than average and/or has played fewer matches at home than away; and vice-versa where ePld exceeds Pld.
      • Where the difference between Pld and ePld is a whole match or more, the team's numbers in the alt-3 table are colour-highlighted (in light green where ePld is less than Pld, and light red where the reverse is true).
      • Where schedule-strength imbalance is so strong that Pld and ePld differ by more than 2.0, the entry in the ePld column is shown in bold type
    • Rate: the league points per effective match played, i.e.,
      Rate = Pts ÷ ePld .
    The alt-3 league table is sorted according to the current values of Rate.

For further details on the method, see The league tables explained and (if you like maths!) The mathematical method explained.